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    Occupational Health and Safety Management System (OHSMS) ISO 45001:2018 Certification

    In a world where workplace safety and the well-being of employees are of paramount concern, the ISO 45001:2018 certification stands as a backbone for organisations. However, the ISO 45001 certification ensures workplace safety by mitigating work-related accidents, deaths, and diseases.

    Meaning of Occupational Health and Safety Management System (OHSMS)

    Occupational Health and Safety Management System ISO 45001 is an internationally recognised standard aiming to create safe and secure workplaces. The foremost requirement for implementing the ISO 45001 standard is formulating an appropriate risk management strategy. The certification aims to achieve three primary goals and objectives; these are:

    1. Ensure the safety and security of employees at the workplace
    2. Maintains and monitors compliance with all national and international safety laws and regulations.
    3. Aims to enhance an organisation’s overall performance on health and safety parameters by adopting the principle of continual improvement.

    Elements of Occupational Health and Safety Management System (OHSMS)

    ISO 45001 standard for Occupational Health and Safety Management System (OHSMS). The key elements of ISO 45001 certification are as follows:


    1. Policy Development

    ISO 45001 Occupational Health and Safety Management System (OHSMS) policy prioritises the safety and health of employees and stakeholders. It mandates an organisation to conduct a risk assessment to identify and eliminate workplace threats and hazards by preventing work-related injuries, illnesses, and incidents. It measures and maintains compliance with relevant national and international occupational safety and health laws and agreements.


      1. Responsibility and Accountability

    45001 OH&S Management System – Occupational Health & Safety outlines policies and controls for ensuring occupational safety and health within an organisation. It mandates organisations to establish dedicated joint safety and health committees to allocate responsibilities and ensure accountability. Moreover, it assures that designated personnel have the necessary competencies by conducting safety and health training for workers to reduce work-related injuries, accidents, diseases, and deaths.


      1. Planning and Implementation

    ISO 45001 follows a comprehensive evaluation system for safety and health practices within a factory. It identifies potential work-related safety and health hazards and implements appropriate controls to address them. However, the certification also requires to maintain safety-related documentation, such as training and inspection records.


      1. Evaluation

    ISO 45001 standards require monitoring the safety and health performance by establishing procedures to monitor, measure, and record the effectiveness of health and safety standards. It mandates an organisation to conduct external audits and analyse data on workplace sickness and accident records. Companies with strong safety and health records continually assess their performance by following a proactive approach to make the workplace safe.

    Components of occupational health and safety management system

    Eight significant components for implementing ISO 45001 certification are as follows:


    Strategic Compliance: ISO 45001 certification adopts national and international best practices by monitoring compliance with Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) regulations and the organisation’s existing OHS policy.


    Timely Incident Reporting: OHSMS conducts an internal risk assessment to identify and monitor work-related threats and hazards. Moreover, it establishes an effective system to report and manage potential risks.


    Comprehensive Documentation: It requires an organisation to document necessary policies, procedures, and instructions integral to OHS management.


    Workforce Training: ISO 45001 requires an organisation to train employees to integrate OHSMS practices to create a safety culture.


    Risk Assessment: It conducts a risk assessment to help organisations identify and evaluate potential risks to implement appropriate preventive measures.


    ISO Certification: An organisation can apply for an ISO 45001 certification to demonstrate an organisation’s commitment to employee health and safety.


    Effective Communication: It establishes effective communication to ensure that OHS-related information reaches everyone, from top-level management to the subordinate level.


    Data Accessibility: ISO 45001 makes informed decisions by analysing data and facilitating adjustments to the OHSMS when necessary.

    What are the ways suggested in ISO 45001:2018 for hazard identification?

    The ISO 45001 Occupational Health and Safety Management System doesn’t offer a one-size-fits-all approach for businesses. However, it mandates that organisations conduct risk assessments and internal reviews to identify potential work-related risks and hazards. The Occupational Health and Safety Management System (OHSMS) tailors a suitable policy and controls based on the analysis.


    ISO 45001:2018 certification outlines the significance of Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment (HIRA) in Clause 6.1.2 of the ISO 45001 requirements . A hazard is a source with the potential to cause injury, illness, or circumstances that could lead to such adverse outcomes. Hazard identification encompasses all operational activities, followed by a comprehensive risk assessment.


    Organisations must monitor and manage the safety of employees by creating a productive and healthy work environment. Occupational health and safety standards help organisations increase the production and productivity of employees. ISO 45001-certified organisations ensure the integration of OHSMS guidelines into the business planning and development process. Moreover, it mandates organisations to make all necessary tools and resources available to protect employees by eliminating workplace accidents, injuries, and deaths.

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